Dodatek C. Resources on the Internet

Spis treści
C.1. Mailing Lists
C.2. Usenet Newsgroups
C.3. World Wide Web Servers
C.4. Email Addresses
C.5. Shell Accounts

The rapid pace of FreeBSD progress makes print media impractical as a means of following the latest developments. Electronic resources are the best, if not often the only, way stay informed of the latest advances. Since FreeBSD is a volunteer effort, the user community itself also generally serves as a "technical support department" of sorts, with electronic mail and USENET news being the most effective way of reaching that community.

The most important points of contact with the FreeBSD user community are outlined below. If you are aware of other resources not mentioned here, please send them to the lista dyskusyjna projektu dokumentacji FreeBSD so that they may also be included.

C.1. Mailing Lists

Though many of the FreeBSD development members read USENET, we cannot always guarantee that we will get to your questions in a timely fashion (or at all) if you post them only to one of the comp.unix.bsd.freebsd.* groups. By addressing your questions to the appropriate mailing list you will reach both us and a concentrated FreeBSD audience, invariably assuring a better (or at least faster) response.

The charters for the various lists are given at the bottom of this document. Please read the charter before joining or sending mail to any list. Most of our list subscribers now receive many hundreds of FreeBSD related messages every day, and by setting down charters and rules for proper use we are striving to keep the signal-to-noise ratio of the lists high. To do less would see the mailing lists ultimately fail as an effective communications medium for the project.

When in doubt about what list to post a question to, see How to get best results from the FreeBSD-questions mailing list.

Before posting to any list, please learn about how to best use the mailing lists, such as how to help avoid frequently-repeated discussions, by reading the Mailing List Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) document.

Archives are kept for all of the mailing lists and can be searched using the FreeBSD World Wide Web server. The keyword searchable archive offers an excellent way of finding answers to frequently asked questions and should be consulted before posting a question.

C.1.1. List Summary

General lists: The following are general lists which anyone is free (and encouraged) to join:

ListPurpose
cvs-allChanges made to the FreeBSD source tree
freebsd-advocacyFreeBSD Evangelism
freebsd-announceImportant events and project milestones
freebsd-archArchitecture and design discussions
freebsd-bugbustersDiscussions pertaining to the maintenance of the FreeBSD problem report database and related tools
freebsd-bugsBug reports
freebsd-chatNon-technical items related to the FreeBSD community
freebsd-currentDiscussion concerning the use of FreeBSD-CURRENT
freebsd-ispIssues for Internet Service Providers using FreeBSD
freebsd-jobsFreeBSD employment and consulting opportunities
freebsd-policyFreeBSD Core team policy decisions. Low volume, and read-only
freebsd-questionsUser questions and technical support
freebsd-security-notificationsSecurity notifications
freebsd-stableDiscussion concerning the use of FreeBSD-STABLE
freebsd-testWhere to send your test messages instead of one of the actual lists

Technical lists: The following lists are for technical discussion. You should read the charter for each list carefully before joining or sending mail to one as there are firm guidelines for their use and content.

ListPurpose
freebsd-acpiACPI and power management development
freebsd-afsPorting AFS to FreeBSD
freebsd-aic7xxxDeveloping drivers for the Adaptec(R) AIC 7xxx
freebsd-alphaPorting FreeBSD to the Alpha
freebsd-amd64Porting FreeBSD to AMD64 systems
freebsd-apacheDiscussion about Apache related ports
freebsd-armPorting FreeBSD to ARM(R) processors
freebsd-atmUsing ATM networking with FreeBSD
freebsd-auditSource code audit project
freebsd-binupDesign and development of the binary update system
freebsd-bluetoothUsing Bluetooth(R) technology in FreeBSD
freebsd-clusterUsing FreeBSD in a clustered environment
freebsd-cvswebCVSweb maintenance
freebsd-databaseDiscussing database use and development under FreeBSD
freebsd-docCreating FreeBSD related documents
freebsd-driversWriting device drivers for FreeBSD
freebsd-eclipseFreeBSD users of Eclipse IDE, tools, rich client applications and ports.
freebsd-embeddedUsing FreeBSD in embedded applications
freebsd-emulationEmulation of other systems such as Linux/MS-DOS(R)/Windows(R)
freebsd-firewireFreeBSD FireWire(R) (iLink, IEEE 1394) technical discussion
freebsd-fsFile systems
freebsd-geomGEOM-specific discussions and implementations
freebsd-gnomePorting GNOME and GNOME applications
freebsd-hackersGeneral technical discussion
freebsd-hardwareGeneral discussion of hardware for running FreeBSD
freebsd-i18nFreeBSD Internationalization
freebsd-ia32FreeBSD on the IA-32 (Intel(R) x86) platform
freebsd-ia64Porting FreeBSD to Intel(R)'s upcoming IA64 systems
freebsd-ipfwTechnical discussion concerning the redesign of the IP firewall code
freebsd-isdnISDN developers
freebsd-javaJavaTM developers and people porting JDKTMs to FreeBSD
freebsd-kdePorting KDE and KDE applications
freebsd-lfsPorting LFS to FreeBSD
freebsd-libhThe second generation installation and package system
freebsd-mipsPorting FreeBSD to MIPS(R)
freebsd-mobileDiscussions about mobile computing
freebsd-mozillaPorting Mozilla to FreeBSD
freebsd-multimediaMultimedia applications
freebsd-new-busTechnical discussions about bus architecture
freebsd-netNetworking discussion and TCP/IP source code
freebsd-openofficePorting OpenOffice.org and StarOfficeTM to FreeBSD
freebsd-performancePerformance tuning questions for high performance/load installations
freebsd-perlMaintenance of a number of Perl-related ports
freebsd-pfDiscussion and questions about the packet filter firewall system
freebsd-platformsConcerning ports to non Intel(R) architecture platforms
freebsd-portsDiscussion of the Ports Collection
freebsd-ports-bugsDiscussion of the ports bugs/PRs
freebsd-ppcPorting FreeBSD to the PowerPC(R)
freebsd-proliantTechnical discussion of FreeBSD on HP ProLiant server platforms
freebsd-pythonFreeBSD-specific Python issues
freebsd-qaDiscussion of Quality Assurance, usually pending a release
freebsd-rcDiscussion related to the rc.d system and its development
freebsd-realtimeDevelopment of realtime extensions to FreeBSD
freebsd-scsiThe SCSI subsystem
freebsd-securitySecurity issues affecting FreeBSD
freebsd-smallUsing FreeBSD in embedded applications (obsolete; use freebsd-embedded instead)
freebsd-smpDesign discussions for [A]Symmetric MultiProcessing
freebsd-sparc64Porting FreeBSD to SPARC(R) based systems
freebsd-standardsFreeBSD's conformance to the C99 and the POSIX(R) standards
freebsd-threadsThreading in FreeBSD
freebsd-testingFreeBSD Performance and Stability Tests
freebsd-tokenringSupport Token Ring in FreeBSD
freebsd-usbDiscussing FreeBSD support for USB
freebsd-vuxmlDiscussion on VuXML infrastructure
freebsd-x11Maintenance and support of X11 on FreeBSD

Limited lists: The following lists are for more specialized (and demanding) audiences and are probably not of interest to the general public. It is also a good idea to establish a presence in the technical lists before joining one of these limited lists so that you will understand the communications etiquette involved.

ListPurpose
freebsd-hubsPeople running mirror sites (infrastructural support)
freebsd-user-groupsUser group coordination
freebsd-vendorsVendors pre-release coordination
freebsd-wwwMaintainers of www.FreeBSD.org

Digest lists: All of the above lists are available in a digest format. Once subscribed to a list, you can change your digest options in your account options section.

CVS lists: The following lists are for people interested in seeing the log messages for changes to various areas of the source tree. They are Read-Only lists and should not have mail sent to them.

ListSource areaArea Description (source for)
cvs-all/usr/(CVSROOT|doc|ports|projects|src)All changes to any place in the tree (superset of other CVS commit lists)
cvs-doc/usr/(doc|www)All changes to the doc and www trees
cvs-ports/usr/portsAll changes to the ports tree
cvs-projects/usr/projectsAll changes to the projects tree
cvs-src/usr/srcAll changes to the src tree

C.1.2. How to Subscribe

To subscribe to a list, click on the list name above or go to http://lists.FreeBSD.org/mailman/listinfo and click on the list that you are interested in. The list page should contain all of the necessary subscription instructions.

To actually post to a given list you simply send mail to . It will then be redistributed to mailing list members world-wide.

To unsubscribe yourself from a list, click on the URL found at the bottom of every email received from the list. It is also possible to send an email to to unsubscribe yourself.

Again, we would like to request that you keep discussion in the technical mailing lists on a technical track. If you are only interested in important announcements then it is suggested that you join the Informacyjna lista dyskusyjna FreeBSD, which is intended only for infrequent traffic.

C.1.3. List Charters

All FreeBSD mailing lists have certain basic rules which must be adhered to by anyone using them. Failure to comply with these guidelines will result in two (2) written warnings from the FreeBSD Postmaster , after which, on a third offense, the poster will removed from all FreeBSD mailing lists and filtered from further posting to them. We regret that such rules and measures are necessary at all, but today's Internet is a pretty harsh environment, it would seem, and many fail to appreciate just how fragile some of its mechanisms are.

Rules of the road:

  • The topic of any posting should adhere to the basic charter of the list it is posted to, e.g. if the list is about technical issues then your posting should contain technical discussion. Ongoing irrelevant chatter or flaming only detracts from the value of the mailing list for everyone on it and will not be tolerated. For free-form discussion on no particular topic, the FreeBSD chat mailing list is freely available and should be used instead.

  • No posting should be made to more than 2 mailing lists, and only to 2 when a clear and obvious need to post to both lists exists. For most lists, there is already a great deal of subscriber overlap and except for the most esoteric mixes (say "-stable & -scsi"), there really is no reason to post to more than one list at a time. If a message is sent to you in such a way that multiple mailing lists appear on the Cc line then the Cc line should also be trimmed before sending it out again. You are still responsible for your own cross-postings, no matter who the originator might have been.

  • Personal attacks and profanity (in the context of an argument) are not allowed, and that includes users and developers alike. Gross breaches of netiquette, like excerpting or reposting private mail when permission to do so was not and would not be forthcoming, are frowned upon but not specifically enforced. However, there are also very few cases where such content would fit within the charter of a list and it would therefore probably rate a warning (or ban) on that basis alone.

  • Advertising of non-FreeBSD related products or services is strictly prohibited and will result in an immediate ban if it is clear that the offender is advertising by spam.

Individual list charters:

freebsd-acpi

ACPI and power management development

freebsd-afs

Andrew File System

This list is for discussion on porting and using AFS from CMU/Transarc

freebsd-announce

Important events / milestones

This is the mailing list for people interested only in occasional announcements of significant FreeBSD events. This includes announcements about snapshots and other releases. It contains announcements of new FreeBSD capabilities. It may contain calls for volunteers etc. This is a low volume, strictly moderated mailing list.

freebsd-arch

Architecture and design discussions

This list is for discussion of the FreeBSD architecture. Messages will mostly be kept strictly technical in nature. Examples of suitable topics are:

  • How to re-vamp the build system to have several customized builds running at the same time.

  • What needs to be fixed with VFS to make Heidemann layers work.

  • How do we change the device driver interface to be able to use the same drivers cleanly on many buses and architectures.

  • How to write a network driver.

freebsd-audit

Source code audit project

This is the mailing list for the FreeBSD source code audit project. Although this was originally intended for security-related changes, its charter has been expanded to review any code changes.

This list is very heavy on patches, and is probably of no interest to the average FreeBSD user. Security discussions not related to a particular code change are held on freebsd-security. Conversely, all developers are encouraged to send their patches here for review, especially if they touch a part of the system where a bug may adversely affect the integrity of the system.

freebsd-binup

FreeBSD Binary Update Project

This list exists to provide discussion for the binary update system, or binup. Design issues, implementation details, patches, bug reports, status reports, feature requests, commit logs, and all other things related to binup are fair game.

freebsd-bluetooth

Bluetooth(R) in FreeBSD

This is the forum where FreeBSD's Bluetooth(R) users congregate. Design issues, implementation details, patches, bug reports, status reports, feature requests, and all matters related to Bluetooth(R) are fair game.

freebsd-bugbusters

Coordination of the Problem Report handling effort

The purpose of this list is to serve as a coordination and discussion forum for the Bugmeister, his Bugbusters, and any other parties who have a genuine interest in the PR database. This list is not for discussions about specific bugs, patches or PRs.

freebsd-bugs

Bug reports

This is the mailing list for reporting bugs in FreeBSD. Whenever possible, bugs should be submitted using the send-pr(1) command or the WEB interface to it.

freebsd-chat

Non technical items related to the FreeBSD community

This list contains the overflow from the other lists about non-technical, social information. It includes discussion about whether Jordan looks like a toon ferret or not, whether or not to type in capitals, who is drinking too much coffee, where the best beer is brewed, who is brewing beer in their basement, and so on. Occasional announcements of important events (such as upcoming parties, weddings, births, new jobs, etc) can be made to the technical lists, but the follow ups should be directed to this -chat list.

freebsd-core

FreeBSD core team

This is an internal mailing list for use by the core members. Messages can be sent to it when a serious FreeBSD-related matter requires arbitration or high-level scrutiny.

freebsd-current

Discussions about the use of FreeBSD-CURRENT

This is the mailing list for users of FreeBSD-CURRENT. It includes warnings about new features coming out in -CURRENT that will affect the users, and instructions on steps that must be taken to remain -CURRENT. Anyone running "CURRENT" must subscribe to this list. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-cvsweb

FreeBSD CVSweb Project

Technical discussions about use, development and maintenance of FreeBSD-CVSweb.

freebsd-doc

Documentation project

This mailing list is for the discussion of issues and projects related to the creation of documentation for FreeBSD. The members of this mailing list are collectively referred to as "The FreeBSD Documentation Project". It is an open list; feel free to join and contribute!

freebsd-drivers

Writing device drivers for FreeBSD

This is a forum for technical discussions related to device drivers on FreeBSD. It is primarily a place for device driver writers to ask questions about how to write device drivers using the APIs in the FreeBSD kernel.

freebsd-eclipse

FreeBSD users of Eclipse IDE, tools, rich client applications and ports.

The intention of this list is to provide mutual support for everything to do with choosing, installing, using, developing and maintaining the Eclipse IDE, tools, rich client applications on the FreeBSD platform and assisting with the porting of Eclipse IDE and plugins to the FreeBSD environment.

The intention is also to facilitate exchange of information between the Eclipse community and the FreeBSD community to the mutual benefit of both.

Although this list is focused primarily on the needs of Eclipse users it will also provide a forum for those who would like to develop FreeBSD specific applications using the Eclipse framework.

freebsd-embedded

Using FreeBSD in embedded applications

This list discusses topics related to using FreeBSD in embedded systems. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected. For the purpose of this list we define embedded systems as those computing devices which are not desktops and which usually serve a single purpose as opposed to being general computing environments. Examples include, but are not limited to, all kinds of phone handsets, network equipment such as routers, switches and PBXs, remote measuring equipment, PDAs, Point Of Sale systems, and so on.

freebsd-emulation

Emulation of other systems such as Linux/MS-DOS(R)/Windows(R)

This is a forum for technical discussions related to running programs written for other operating systems on FreeBSD.

freebsd-firewire

FireWire(R) (iLink, IEEE 1394)

This is a mailing list for discussion of the design and implementation of a FireWire(R) (aka IEEE 1394 aka iLink) subsystem for FreeBSD. Relevant topics specifically include the standards, bus devices and their protocols, adapter boards/cards/chips sets, and the architecture and implementation of code for their proper support.

freebsd-fs

File systems

Discussions concerning FreeBSD file systems. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-geom

GEOM

Discussions specific to GEOM and related implementations. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-gnome

GNOME

Discussions concerning The GNOME Desktop Environment for FreeBSD systems. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-ipfw

IP Firewall

This is the forum for technical discussions concerning the redesign of the IP firewall code in FreeBSD. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-ia64

Porting FreeBSD to IA64

This is a technical mailing list for individuals actively working on porting FreeBSD to the IA-64 platform from Intel(R), to bring up problems or discuss alternative solutions. Individuals interested in following the technical discussion are also welcome.

freebsd-isdn

ISDN Communications

This is the mailing list for people discussing the development of ISDN support for FreeBSD.

freebsd-java

JavaTM Development

This is the mailing list for people discussing the development of significant JavaTM applications for FreeBSD and the porting and maintenance of JDKTMs.

freebsd-jobs

Jobs offered and sought

This is a forum for posting employment notices and resumes specifically related to FreeBSD, e.g. if you are seeking FreeBSD-related employment or have a job involving FreeBSD to advertise then this is the right place. This is not a mailing list for general employment issues since adequate forums for that already exist elsewhere.

Note that this list, like other FreeBSD.org mailing lists, is distributed worldwide. Thus, you need to be clear about location and the extent to which telecommuting or assistance with relocation is available.

Email should use open formats only - preferably plain text, but basic Portable Document Format (PDF), HTML, and a few others are acceptable to many readers. Closed formats such as Microsoft(R) Word (.doc) will be rejected by the mailing list server.

freebsd-kde

KDE

Discussions concerning KDE on FreeBSD systems. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-hackers

Technical discussions

This is a forum for technical discussions related to FreeBSD. This is the primary technical mailing list. It is for individuals actively working on FreeBSD, to bring up problems or discuss alternative solutions. Individuals interested in following the technical discussion are also welcome. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-hardware

General discussion of FreeBSD hardware

General discussion about the types of hardware that FreeBSD runs on, various problems and suggestions concerning what to buy or avoid.

freebsd-hubs

Mirror sites

Announcements and discussion for people who run FreeBSD mirror sites.

freebsd-isp

Issues for Internet Service Providers

This mailing list is for discussing topics relevant to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) using FreeBSD. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-openoffice

OpenOffice.org

Discussions concerning the porting and maintenance of OpenOffice.org and StarOfficeTM.

freebsd-performance

Discussions about tuning or speeding up FreeBSD

This mailing list exists to provide a place for hackers, administrators, and/or concerned parties to discuss performance related topics pertaining to FreeBSD. Acceptable topics includes talking about FreeBSD installations that are either under high load, are experiencing performance problems, or are pushing the limits of FreeBSD. Concerned parties that are willing to work toward improving the performance of FreeBSD are highly encouraged to subscribe to this list. This is a highly technical list ideally suited for experienced FreeBSD users, hackers, or administrators interested in keeping FreeBSD fast, robust, and scalable. This list is not a question-and-answer list that replaces reading through documentation, but it is a place to make contributions or inquire about unanswered performance related topics.

freebsd-pf

Discussion and questions about the packet filter firewall system

Discussion concerning the packet filter (pf) firewall system in terms of FreeBSD. Technical discussion and user questions are both welcome. This list is also a place to discuss the ALTQ QoS framework.

freebsd-platforms

Porting to Non Intel(R) platforms

Cross-platform FreeBSD issues, general discussion and proposals for non Intel(R) FreeBSD ports. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-policy

Core team policy decisions

This is a low volume, read-only mailing list for FreeBSD Core Team Policy decisions.

freebsd-ports

Discussion of "ports"

Discussions concerning FreeBSD's "ports collection" (/usr/ports), ports infrastructure, and general ports coordination efforts. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-ports-bugs

Discussion of "ports" bugs

Discussions concerning problem reports for FreeBSD's "ports collection" (/usr/ports), proposed ports, or modifications to ports. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-proliant

Technical discussion of FreeBSD on HP ProLiant server platforms

This mailing list is to be used for the technical discussion of the usage of FreeBSD on HP ProLiant servers, including the discussion of ProLiant-specific drivers, management software, configuration tools, and BIOS updates. As such, this is the primary place to discuss the hpasmd, hpasmcli, and hpacucli modules.

freebsd-python

Python on FreeBSD

This is a list for discussions related to improving Python-support on FreeBSD. This is a technical mailing list. It is for individuals working on porting Python, its 3rd party modules and Zope stuff to FreeBSD. Individuals interested in following the technical discussion are also welcome.

freebsd-questions

User questions

This is the mailing list for questions about FreeBSD. You should not send "how to" questions to the technical lists unless you consider the question to be pretty technical.

freebsd-scsi

SCSI subsystem

This is the mailing list for people working on the SCSI subsystem for FreeBSD. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-security

Security issues

FreeBSD computer security issues (DES, Kerberos, known security holes and fixes, etc). This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical discussion is expected. Note that this is not a question-and-answer list, but that contributions (BOTH question AND answer) to the FAQ are welcome.

freebsd-security-notifications

Security Notifications

Notifications of FreeBSD security problems and fixes. This is not a discussion list. The discussion list is FreeBSD-security.

freebsd-small

Using FreeBSD in embedded applications

This list discusses topics related to unusually small and embedded FreeBSD installations. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

Uwaga:

This list has been obsoleted by freebsd-embedded.

freebsd-stable

Discussions about the use of FreeBSD-STABLE

This is the mailing list for users of FreeBSD-STABLE. It includes warnings about new features coming out in -STABLE that will affect the users, and instructions on steps that must be taken to remain -STABLE. Anyone running "STABLE" should subscribe to this list. This is a technical mailing list for which strictly technical content is expected.

freebsd-standards

C99 & POSIX Conformance

This is a forum for technical discussions related to FreeBSD Conformance to the C99 and the POSIX standards.

freebsd-usb

Discussing FreeBSD support for USB

This is a mailing list for technical discussions related to FreeBSD support for USB.

freebsd-user-groups

User Group Coordination List

This is the mailing list for the coordinators from each of the local area Users Groups to discuss matters with each other and a designated individual from the Core Team. This mail list should be limited to meeting synopsis and coordination of projects that span User Groups.

freebsd-vendors

Vendors

Coordination discussions between The FreeBSD Project and Vendors of software and hardware for FreeBSD.

C.1.4. Filtering on the Mailing Lists

The FreeBSD mailing lists are filtered in multiple ways to avoid the distribution of spam, viruses, and other unwanted emails. The filtering actions described in this section do not include all those used to protect the mailing lists.

Only certain types of attachments are allowed on the mailing lists. All attachments with a MIME content type not found in the list below will be stripped before an email is distributed on the mailing lists.

  • application/octet-stream

  • application/pdf

  • application/pgp-signature

  • application/x-pkcs7-signature

  • message/rfc822

  • multipart/alternative

  • multipart/related

  • multipart/signed

  • text/html

  • text/plain

  • text/x-diff

  • text/x-patch

Uwaga:

Some of the mailing lists might allow attachments of other MIME content types, but the above list should be applicable for most of the mailing lists.

If an email contains both an HTML and a plain text version, the HTML version will be removed. If an email contains only an HTML version, it will be converted to plain text.

All FreeBSD documents are available for download at http://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/doc/

Questions that are not answered by the documentation may be sent to <freebsd-questions@FreeBSD.org>.
Send questions about this document to <freebsd-doc@FreeBSD.org>.